Why Cholera is a Water Borne Disease and How Does it Spread?
Last Updated on December 29, 2022 by Hammad Hassan
Did you know that cholera is a water-borne disease? It is caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholera, which is found in water and soil. This bacterium can cause severe diarrhea, leading to dehydration and even death. This blog post will discuss how cholera is spread and the symptoms of this deadly disease.
Let’s get started.
What is Cholera?
Cholera is a small intestine infection caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholera. The main symptom of cholera is watery diarrhea, which can lead to dehydration and even death if untreated. Cholera is typically spread through contaminated water, food, or contact with someone with the disease.
While cholera outbreaks can occur worldwide, they are most common in developing countries where sanitation and access to clean water are limited. Cholera is often used as a marker for poverty and poor living conditions.
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Causes of Cholera
Cholera is caused by a bacteria called Vibrio cholera. This bacteria is found in contaminated water or food. When infected with this bacteria, a person may experience severe diarrhea and vomiting, leading to dehydration.
There are many ways that cholera can spread. One way is through contaminated water sources. This can happen when sewage contaminates a water supply, such as a river or well. Cholera can also spread through food that has been infected with the bacteria. This often happens when food is prepared with contaminated water or not cooked properly.
Another way cholera spreads is through direct contact with an infected person. This can happen when an infected person vomit’s or has a bowel movement, and someone else comes in contact with the bacteria. Cholera can also spread through contact with an infected person’s feces.
The most common cholera symptoms include:
- Watery diarrhea
- Muscle cramps
- Low blood pressure
- Rapid heart rate
These symptoms can develop within two hours to five days after infection and can range from mild to severe.
How is Cholera Treated?
There are two main ways to treat cholera: rehydration and antibiotics. Rehydration is the most important treatment for cholera, as it can help prevent dehydration’s death. Antibiotics may also be prescribed in some cases, as they can help to shorten the duration of the illness.
Cholera is a severe disease that can lead to death if not treated promptly. If you think you or someone you know may have cholera, it is crucial to seek medical attention immediately. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential for a good outcome.
Prevention and Control
- Cholera can be prevented by improving water quality and sanitation. This can be done through chlorination of drinking water, properly constructed latrines, and the safe disposal of human waste.
- Food safety is also crucial in preventing cholera. Properly cooked food, particularly seafood, and boiled or treated water should be consumed to avoid the disease.
- Individuals can also protect themselves from cholera by washing their hands thoroughly with soap and clean water, especially after using the toilet or handling food.
- It is also important to drink only safe water and eat only fresh, properly cooked food.
The Bottom Line
Cholera is a waterborne disease that can be deadly if not treated promptly. It typically causes severe diarrhea and vomiting, which can lead to dehydration. The best way to prevent cholera is to practice good hygiene and sanitation and ensure you only drink clean water. If you get sick with cholera, it’s important to seek medical help immediately so you can receive the proper treatment.
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